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Department of Agriculture

The USDA provides leadership on food, agriculture, natural resources, rural development, nutrition, and related issues based on public policy, the best available science, and effective management.  Through its expertise, the USDA has a vision to provide economic opportunity through innovation, helping rural America to thrive; to promote agriculture production that better nourishes Americans while also helping feed others throughout the world; and to preserve our Nation’s natural resources through conservation, restored forests, improved watersheds, and healthy private working lands.

As one of the Nation’s leading authorities ensuring the safety and quality of food products for consumption—both domestically produced or imported from other nations—the USDA brings a host of expertise involved with the tracking and labeling of food products for both export and import:

Country of Origin Labeling (COOL)—Through USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service’s COOL  program for wild caught and farm-raised fish and shellfish, the USDA conducts compliance reviews in retail stores and audits of the seafood supply chain  to combating economic fraud.  The COOL program’s enforcement activities  include thousands of annual visits to grocery stores, supermarkets, and club stores throughout all 50 states by utilizing partnerships with state agencies, and; comprehensive commodity audits of direct and indirect suppliers of retail stores.

Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS)—The FSIS is the public health regulatory agency under the USDA and is responsible for ensuring that meat, poultry, and processed egg products—both domestically produced and imported from other countries—are safe, wholesome, and accurately labeled.

“Catfish”—In 2008 and 2014 Congress amended  the Agricultural Marketing Act (Farm Bills),  requiring the FSIS  prepare new regulations for labeling catfish. Specifically, under the new regulations, only the species Siluriformes, produced by U.S. aquaculture operations, would be allowed to be labeled as catfish in the U.S. market. Publication of the final regulation can be found here.


Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act of 1930 and their suppliers within the United States. Retailers and suppliers found non-compliant are required to provide written corrective actions and preventable measures regarding their findings.